Space Program

Chuck Miller’s innovative wagon bodies boosted Corvette’s payload capacity to new heights

March 8, 2018
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Though early Corvettes were impractical in most respects, they did at least offer decent cargo-carrying capacity in spite of their relatively small size, low-slung styling, and high-performance capabilities. From 1953-62 all of them came with a real trunk that afforded reasonable, if not generous, storage space, and even better, the boot could be accessed by simply popping open its lid. The 1963-67 coupes had a slightly smaller cargo space that could only be reached via the car’s side doors, while convertibles from the same era had very little interior storage capacity at all, especially when the top was folded down. The problem grew even worse with the C3, introduced in model year 1968.

One obvious solution to the lack of storage for C3s made up until 1978, when the hatchback-style rear window was introduced, was a rear-deck-mounted luggage rack. Chevrolet dealers sold these as part of their official accessory line, and various aftermarket companies offered their own versions. But while these bolt-on racks did increase cargo-carrying capacity, they were hardly convenient or secure. And course they exposed whatever was strapped thereto to the weather and other hazards of open-air motoring.

Though arguably slightly ridiculous, another solution was to convert run-of-the-mill Corvettes into station wagons, and that’s exactly what some people did. Trying to figure out where the very first C3 wagon came from is analogous to sorting out who built the Great Sphinx of Giza. After wading through a plethora of historic materials and tracking down some of the key people involved, it appears as though noted River Rouge, Michigan custom-car builder Chuck Miller was the starting point. Miller had a client named Uriel Jones who was a professional drummer. Besides drumming for Motown’s in-house studio band, the Funk Brothers, Jones spent a lot of time playing gigs on the road. He had a ’68 Corvette convertible that he loved to drive, but because it couldn’t accommodate his drum set, he had to leave the car at home most of the time. In early 1971 Jones asked Miller if there was something he could do to his Corvette to create enough storage space for the drums, and that’s when Miller came up with the idea of turning it into a station wagon.

Jones liked the idea, and Miller asked Harry Bentley Bradley to create a viable plan to do the conversion. Bradley is a Pratt Institute–educated industrial designer who worked at GM for four years beginning in July 1962. In 1966 he left GM to take a job at toymaker Mattel, where he spent nearly two years designing a range of stylized die-cast vehicles that came to be known as the Hot Wheels line. Following his departure from Mattel in 1969, Bradley launched his own design firm and began a long career teaching at the Art Center College of Design in Los Angeles. Miller and Bradley had collaborated on numerous custom-car builds previously, including the 1971 Plymouth Road Runner and ’71 ‘Cuda 440 Rapid Transit System Caravan showpieces.

In keeping with his design philosophy, Bradley’s wagon addition incorporated some key styling elements that helped define Corvette in the first place, most notably the upward-swooped spoiler of the rear deck. His finished creation looked similar to the Vega Kammback wagon, one of four body styles offered for the Chevy subcompact beginning in 1971. The resemblance between the Corvette wagon and the Vega wagon was not surprising, given that much of the Vega’s design was done in the Camaro/Corvette studio under the direct leadership of Henry Haga, with the guiding hand of Bill Mitchell.

Before Miller’s shop, called Styline Customs, went to work building the wagon, Uriel Jones’ car was involved in a front-end crash. “We were working on both ends of the car at the same time,” remembers Miller. Since the front had to be fixed anyway, Miller modified it. He also added a number of custom features unrelated to the collision or the wagon conversion, including front and rear fender flares, ’69 Corvette side pipes, and a one-piece rear bumper. To bring Bradley’s wagon design to fruition, Miller’s shop worked up a clay model and from that made plaster molds in which the fiberglass parts were “laid up” by hand. The molds allowed Miller to produce the body parts needed to make additional wagons.

After Jones’ ’68 convertible was completed, it was shown at the Detroit Autorama custom-car show. It earned a First Place award at that premier event and was then featured in the July 1972 issue of Car and Driver magazine. The exposure engendered a great deal of interest, which validated Miller’s plan to put his wagon conversion into production. He would offer it as a turnkey car built in his shop or as a complete kit that Corvette owners could take to the shop of their choice—or, if talented and brave enough, build themselves.

Also from Issue 121

  • '65 L78 Big-Block
  • $8K Buyer's Guide
  • '54 "Blue Flame" Roadster
  • LS7-Powered C5 Z06
  • '72 LT-1 Vintage Racer
  • Inside the Corvette Engine Lab
  • Racing: Callaway C7 GT3-R
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